Bar Terminology – Definitions of commonly used words

Commonly Used Bar Terms:

Bar Glass – A glass for mixing or stirring.
Bar Spoon – A long spoon used for mixing.
Blend – The combining or mixing of liquors in production.
Brut – A term to describe champagne as dry.
Chaser – A drink to follow immediately after another or to fill up a strong drink.
Crusta – A glass rimmed with sugar.
Dash – The smallest bar measurement, or a splash.
Float – A small amount of liquor poured carefully so that it floats on a drink.
Magnum – A large, double-sized bottle
Mixing Glass – A glass for stirring ingredients together.
Modifier – An ingredient in cocktails.
Neat – An unmixed drink, no ice.
On the Rocks – Served on ice.
Plain – A drink without any additions, straight from the bottle.
Proof – An American system for measuring alcohol content by volume. Half the alcohol content.
Sec – A term that means dry.
Shaker – A tool to mix drinks by shaking.
Squeezer – A tool to press fruit for fruit juice.
Straight Up – A drink served neat and without ice.
Twist – A small piece of fruit peel that is squeezed over a drink
Vintage – A description for when a particular liquor was conceived.
Zest – A small piece of a lemon or orange peel, usually the colored part.

Box- Pour into and out of a shaker, usually only once. Gives the drink a quick mixing without shaking.
Call Drink- A liquor and mixer, of which the liquor is a defined brand. (ie. Tanqueray and Tonic, Bacardi and Coke)
Cobbler- A tall drink of any liquor served in a collins or highball glass with shaved or crushed ice and garnished with fresh fruit and mint sprigs.
Chaser- A mixer that is consumed immediately after a straight shot of liquor to create a different taste.
Cocktail- Any of various alcoholic beverages consisting usually of brandy, whiskey, vodka, or gin combined with fruit juices or other liquors and often served chilled.
Collins- A drink akin to a sour which is served in a tall glass with soda water or seltzer water.
Cooler- A drink consisting of ginger ale, soda water, and a fresh spiral or twist of citrus fruit rind, served in a collins or highball glass.
Crusta- A sour-type drink served in a glass that is completely lined with an orange or lemon peel cut in a continuous strip.
Cup- A punch-type drink that made up in quantities of cups or glasses in preference to a punch bowl.
Daisy- An oversize drink of the sour type, normally made with rum or gin. It is served over crushed ice with a straw, and sweetened with a fruit syrup.
Lace- Normally applies to the last ingredient in a recipe, meaning to pour onto the top of the drink.
Eggnog- A traditional holiday drink containing a combination of eggs beaten with cream or milk, sugar, and a liquor such as brandy, rum, or bourbon.
Fix- A sour-type drink similar to the daisy, made with crushed ice in a large goblet.
Fizz- An effervescent beverage. (ie. that which is carbonated or which emits small bubbles.)
Flip- A chilled, creamy drink made of eggs, sugar, and a wine or spirit. Brandy and sherry flips are two of the better known kinds.
Frappé- A partially frozen, often fruity drink. It is usually a mixture of ingredients served over a mound of crushed ice.
Grog- A rum-based beverage with water, fruit juice and sugar, commonly served in a large mug.
Highball- Any spirit served with ice and soda water in a medium to tall glass (often a highball glass).
Julep- A drink made of bourbon, mint, sugar and crushed ice.
Lowball- A short drink made of spirits served with ice, water or soda in a small glass.
Mist- A liquor served over a glass filled with crushed ice, often a way of serving liqueur as an after dinner drink.
Mulls- A sweetened and spiced heated liquor, wine or beer, served as a hot punch.
Neat- The consumption of a spirit as a straight, unaccompanied shot.
Negus- A punch-like combination containing a wine, such as port, heated with spices and sweetened.
Nip- A quarter of a bottle.
Nightcap- A wine or liquor taken before bedtime.
On The Rocks- A wine or liquor poured over ice cubes.
Pick-Me-Up- A drink designed to relieve the effects of overindulgence in alcohol.
An old british drink from which the eggnog was derived. It consists of a mixture of heated ale or wine curdled with milk, eggs, and spices.
Puff- A traditional afternoon drink made of equal parts spirit and milk, topped with club soda and served over ice.
Punch- A party-size beverage consisting of fruit, fruit juices, flavorings and sweeteners, soft drinks, and a wine or liquor base.
Rickey- A drink made a liquor, usually gin, a half lime and soda water. It is sometimes sweetened, and often served with ice in a rickey glass.
Sangaree- A tall chilled and sweetened wine/liquor garnished with nutmeg.
Shooter- A straight shot of whiskey or other kind of spirit taken neat.
Shrub- Spirits, fruit juices, and sugar, aged in a sealed container such as a cask or crock, then usually bottled.
Sling- A tall drink made with either brandy, whiskey or gin, with lemon juice, sugar and soda water. It is served both hot and cold.
Smash- A short julep made of liquor, sugar, and mint, served in a small glass.
Sour- A short drink consisting of liquor, lemon/lime juice and sugar.
Supercall- Also known as top shelf or super premium. The high octane, often higher proof alcohols, or super-aged or flavored versions.


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